What exactly are construction supplies?

Construction materials are all the components or bodies, regardless of their type, composition, or shape, that go into a construction project to meet the very minimum standards necessary for that purpose. They must, for instance, adhere to technical requirements for things like mechanical resistance, wear, absorption, and resistance to compression. The majority of building materials are created from readily accessible elements like sand, clay, or stone.

Natural products

They are materials that are employed in structures almost exactly as they are in nature, that is, without enduring any alterations to their chemical or physical makeup, even when their original shape has been changed.

For instance, crushed stone is a naturally occurring substance whose form has changed as a result of being broken apart.

Artificial substances

They are materials that have undergone physical and chemical transformations before being employed in building, such as cement, steel, etc.

Following regulations, qualities, or requirements that restrict their choice, natural and artificial building materials must be employed in the works according to their physical and chemical properties.

Construction materials properties

The various uses of construction materials will be revealed in the sections that follow. From the most consistent to the least consistent, from the toughest to the most delicate. The so-called stone materials are where we begin.

  • The density, compressive strength, and tensile strength of construction materials are a few of their most crucial characteristics.
  • Building materials are generally considered to have a medium density. Compared to metals like steel or copper, they are lighter.
  • Compressive strength: Some materials, like glass, are more resistant to compression than steel than stone and ceramics.
  • A house's columns need to be resilient to compressive loads. Steel is a material that can withstand this pressure, but it is heavy and expensive. Despite being a weaker material, concrete is lighter and less expensive.
  • Tensile strength: In many applications, how a material responds to pressures that have a tendency to stretch it is crucial. In general, traction resistance in stone materials is not extremely high. They are substantially more resilient to compressive pressures than tensile stresses. However, rolled steel sections, which are employed in the construction of buildings, have high tensile stress resistance.

Stone materials break when their tensile strength is exceeded; metals, however, merely experience a constriction of the middle portion due to their ductility.

Green roof

A building's roof that is partially or entirely covered with vegetation, either in soil or another suitable growth medium, is referred to as a green roof. It does not apply to rooftops with container gardens or green roofs like those made of green tiles. Instead, it refers to roof-mounted technology that enhances habitat or reduces energy usage, i.e., technologies with an ecological purpose.

Almost any flat or pitched roof, as well as mezzanine surfaces, are suitable for the installation of green roofs; however, it is crucial to have a professional verify that the slab can support the weight of the layers, substrate (soil), and vegetation.

How does a green roof work?

On the roofs and roof pans of buildings, a green roof serves as a little ecosystem. They perform technically to avoid damage to the building that supports them, in addition to the ecological advantages we shall explain later. In a green roof's construction, there are primarily six layers that make it up (counting from top to bottom):

  • Topsoil, which consists of surface-planted plants, grasses, and flowers.
  • Growth material for plants (often a nutrient-rich blend of nursery soil and other organic substances).
  • Layer or cloth used for filtration (keeps soil and roots in place while allowing water to pass through for drainage).
  • Sands or other materials with big grains that permit water to pass through but not other solids are used as the rainwater drainage and capture layer, which stores or channels the water for later use.
  • Root fence
  • Waterproof membrane (which prevents water and moisture from entering the roof's structural components).


Environmental advantages

  • Lessen the impact of urban heat islands.
  • Lessen floods since they hold onto a lot of the storm's rainwater.
  • Make use of any empty spots in your home where you can unwind, read the newspaper, drink coffee, or do all three at once.

Health Advantages

  • One person needs 1 m2 of grass to produce the oxygen they need year-round.
  • A square meter of grass collects 130 grams of dust annually.
  • People who work in environments with plants perform better and feel less uncomfortable.